Fakultät für Philosophie, Wissenschaftstheorie und Religionswissenschaft
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Lehrveranstaltungen Sommersemester 2021

Fortgeschrittenenseminar

Aristotle "De Interpretatione"

Do. 10:00 bis 12:00 c.t. woch 15.04.2021 bis 15.07.2021

In the traditional order in which Aristotle's logical treatises (the so-called Organon) have been trasmitted to us, De interpretatione (Int.) is the second work. The idea behind this placement is that Int. offers Aristotle's account of the structure of simple propositions (which, for Aristotle, are propositions in which one single thing is predicated of one other thing). For this reason, this text should be read after the Categories, (i.e. the treeatise dealing with the things designated by single terms or term-like expressions, which appear as subject or predicate in basic predicative propositions), and before the treatises dealing with different types of arguments (i.e. Prior Analytics, Posterior Analytics, Topics, Sophistical refutations, all assuming that the propositions figuring as premises and conclusions in arguments are or can be reduced to basic predicative structure).

Despite this fairly systematic picture, elaborated in the course of the centuries by Greek, Latin and Arabic commentators, the precise nature and aim of Int. is problematic. Pretty much everything, starting from title and authenticity of the treatise, were controversial since antiquity. In this seminar we will read the whole work with special attention to some main exegetical and philosophical issues such as: the origin and nature of language; the distinction between nouns and verbs; the analysis of simple declarative propositions (with or without a copula); the nature and function of the copula; the analysis of the oppositions obtaining between propositions and, in particular, the analysis of the opposition obtaining between future contingents.

Knowledge of ancient Greek is an advantage but not a requirement for attending the class. All materials will be made available to all participants. The class will be held in English, but written work will be accepted in English or German.
Leistungsnachweis

term paper OR (presentation(s)+essay/record), according to the lecturer's specification [9 ECTS-points]
Anmeldung

LSF-registration via the menu item "Vorlesungsverzeichnis" (=> click through after LSF login to the individual view of this course) sometime between 22 March 2021 and 05 April 2021.

 

Fortgeschrittenenseminar und Essaykurs

Plato’s Theory of Forms and its Critics

Fr. 10:00 bis 12:00 c.t. woch 16.04.2021 bis 16.07.2021

Although the theory of Forms (or Ideas) is regarded both by his contemporaries and by later interpreters as a (in some respect: the) most distinctive aspect of Plato's philosophy, we cannot find in Plato's dialogues one unified systematic account of it. Even the status of this doctrine is disputed, since Plato sometimes introduces it as a "hypothesis". In the first part of this seminar we will read and analyse in detail the main passages from Plato's Dialogues in which Forms are mentioned and their status and function is analysed. The main Dialogues we will focus upon are Phaedo, Republic, Sophist, Parmenides, Symposium, Phaedrus, Timaeus. In the second part, we will analyse the most important pieces of criticism against the doctrine of Forms by two eminent pupils of Plato, namely Aristotle and Speusippus.

In addition to being a guide in reading these challenging texts the seminar aims at giving an in-depth introduction to one of the central problems of ancient metaphysics. Texts will be made available to all participants. Knowledge of ancient Greek is an advantage, but not a requirement for attending the class. Written work can be submitted in English or in German.
Leistungsnachweis

wenn die Veranstaltung als Essaykurs belegt wird: 4 Essays [9 ECTS-Punkte] - nur für BA-Philosophie-Hauptfächler/innen und Philosophie-Masterstudierende. In dem Fall wird eine zusätzliche Übungsstunde (1 SWS) zur Besprechung der Essays n. V. angeboten.

wenn die Veranstaltung als Fortgeschrittenenseminar belegt wird: Hausarbeit ODER benotetes Referat mit wissenschaftlicher Ausarbeitung, je nach Vorgabe der/des Dozierenden [9 ECTS-Punkte]

Anmeldung

LSF-registration via the menu item "Vorlesungsverzeichnis" (=> click through after LSF login to the individual view of this course) sometime between 22 March 2021 and 05 April 2021.

Übung

Essaybesprechungen zu "Plato’s Theory of Forms and its Critics"


Essaybesprechungen nach Vereinbarung

Nur für BA-Hauptfachstudierende der Philosophie (PStO von 2012) oder Masterstudierende der Philosophie, die die Veranstaltung als Essaykurs belegen!


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