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Thomas Wyrwich: Absolutheit der Wahrheit und Transzendenz des Ich. Freges Beiträge zu Problemen der Klassischen deutschen Philosophie in Der Gedanke, in: Zeitschrift für philosophische Forschung 2/2017, S. 223-248 [Sprache des Aufsatzes: Deutsch]

Abstract: The goal of this paper is to demonstrate that in his late essay Der Gedanke, published in the Beitraegen zur Philosophie des Deutschen Idealismus in 1918, Frege presents several considerations that can be understood as contributions to Kantian and ‘idealistic’ topics and problems indeed. Accordingly, the following claims are developed: 1. Frege’s theory of truth can be regarded as compatible with the one established by Kant in his Critique of Pure Reason. 2. Frege’s critical side glance at ‘humanities’ (Geisteswissenschaften) and their truth-valence, which can also be interpreted as a criticism of Dilthey, in a way follows Windelband’s epistemological challenge of the differentiation between humanities and natural sciences (Geistes- and Naturwissenschaften). 3. In contrast to Hegel and the position he develops in the Phaenomenologie des Geistes, Frege argues that linguistic-notional expressions, even ones with deictic elements, can have a distinct, indexical meaning. 4. Presumably based on Fechner and therefore possibly on ‘idealistic’ examples, Frege preserves the possibility of a godly overall consciousness. 5. Frege’s anti-skeptical refutation of the idea that the “I” is only a representation (Vorstellung) and does fall into a regress, is based on a line of thought that can already be found in Fichte’s philosophy.