Fakultät für Philosophie, Wissenschaftstheorie und Religionswissenschaft
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Lehrveranstaltungen Wintersemester 2017-2018

Seminar und Lektürekurs

Theories of Substance in Ancient Metaphysics

Mi. 16:00 bis 18:00 c.t. woch 18.10.2017 bis 07.02.2018 Amalienstr. 73A - 018

Ancient philosophy has much debated the ontology of the external world. That is the underlying structure of relations that connect objects deemed to be primary, or “self-standing,” with all kinds of entities that have existence only in a secondary or parasitic way. On a further level of analysis, the constitution of primary objects themselves has raised numerous difficult questions with regard to their fundamental constituents and the kind of ontological relations that they hold to one another. The seminar explores solutions provided to the problem of developing a constituent ontology for primary objects in antiquity and in late antiquity. Thinkers discussed include Plato, Aristotle, Alexander of Aphrodisias and Plotinus. Their survey will lead up to a conceptual framework for the study of ancient metaphysics in relation to the problem of what substance is and what entities qualify as substances.
Voraussetzungen

Knowledge of English
Leistungsnachweis

Hausarbeit
Anmeldung

Muss irgendwann zwischen dem 29.09. und dem 10.10.2017 über das LSF-System priorisiert belegt werden.

 Materialien: THEORIES OF SUBSTANCE, COURSE PACKET.pdf;

Seminar und Lektürekurs

Divine Providence in Medieval Scholasticism (ethical topics)

Do. 16:00 bis 18:00 c.t. woch 19.10.2017 bis 08.02.2018 Geschw.-Scholl-Pl. 1 (A) - A U117

The seminar features an all-time classic of Islamic theology and spirituality, that is, al-Ghazālī’s (d. 1111) discussion of human trust in God’s providence from book 35 of his magnum opus “Revification of Religious Sciences.” Al-Ghazālī’s discussion interrelates with various philosophical issues concerning divine action vis-à-vis human responsibility, the providential order of the world, its unfolding in human—indeed individual—histories, the function of secondary causation alongside God’s own all-power as a First Cause, the significance of religious obligation, the ethical value of man’s conduct. Readings from al-Ghazālī will be situated in the historical context of religious and secular sciences in classical Islam as a means to bring out the relevance of al-Ghazālī’s own contribution to the flourishing of a theological discourse steeped in philosophical argument and vocabulary.
Voraussetzungen

Knowledge of English
Leistungsnachweis

Hausarbeit
Anmeldung

Muss irgendwann zwischen dem 29.09. und dem 10.10.2017 über das LSF-System priorisiert belegt werden.

 Materialien: DIVINE PROVIDENCE -- COURSE PACKET.pdf;

Fortgeschrittenenseminar

The Philosophy of Aquinas: A Reading of On Being an Essence

Do. 14:00 bis 16:00 c.t. woch 19.10.2017 bis 08.02.2018 Geschw.-Scholl-Pl. 1 (M) - M 101

Thomas Aquinas’s On Being and Essence (De ente et essentia) constitutes one of the most accomplished attempts in the history of Western thought to harmonize ancient metaphysics with the creationist dogma of the Abrahamitic traditions. In this treatise the Dominican master sets the foundation for his acclaimed theory of God as “Subsistent Being Itself” (Ipsum Esse Subsistens). Along the way, he engages in meaningful dialogue with major representatives of Islamic philosophy, true to his principle that wisdom is to be sought wherever it can be found, with no regard for confessional affiliations. The seminar aims at equipping students of Aquinas with a clear understanding of major lineaments of his metaphysical thought through close reading of On Being and Essence and against the background of other work in rational theology and natural philosophy.
Voraussetzungen

Knowledge of English
Leistungsnachweis

- seminar paper [9 ECTS-points]
Anmeldung

(LSF) pre-registration is not necessary.

Materialien: The Philosophy of Aquinas - Reader.pdf;

 

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